Theories of intelligence – HNDE

Theories of intelligence

Intelligence is the ability to perceive information, and to retain it as knowledge to be applied within an environment. It is most often studied in humans but has also been observed in both animals and plants. Intelligence in machines is called artificial intelligence, which is commonly implemented in computer systems using programs and, sometimes,
appropriate hardware.

Intelligence is involved with the factors such as:
logical thinking
capacity of understanding
capacity of learning
level of knowledge


Child development involves the biological, psychological and emotional changes that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence. It is a continuous process with a predictable sequence.

The developmental changes may be strongly influenced by genetic factors and events during prenatal life. Genetics and prenatal development are part of the study of child development. There are various definitions of periods in a child’s development, since each period is a continuum with individual differences regarding start and ending.

Some age-related development periods and examples of defined intervals
newborn (ages 0–4 weeks);
infant (ages 4 weeks – 1 year);
toddler (ages 1–3 years);
preschooler (ages 4–6 years);
school-aged child (ages 6–11 years);
adolescent (ages 12–19)

Parents play a large role in a child’s life, socialization, and development. Another influential factor in a child’s development is the quality of their care. The optimal development of children is considered vital to society and so it is important to understand the social, cognitive, emotional, and educational development of children.

Mental illness

Mental illness refers to a wide range of mental health disorders that affect one’s mood, thinking and behavior. Examples of mental illness include
eating disorders
addictive behaviors
Many people have mental health concerns from time to time.

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